From the warm color of his coat to his broad and sensitive face, every aspect of the Golden Retriever reflects his gentle and friendly disposition. Everybody's friend, the golden retriever is known for its devoted and obedient nature as a family companion. It is an apt sporting retriever as well and yearns for a day in the field. Ignoring its active nature and powerful physique can lead to behavior problems, and it needs daily physical and mental exercise. It tends to be overly exuberant and boisterous, and its enthusiasm for everything often distracts it during training; however, it is eager to please and enjoys learning. The Golden's achievements in competitive obedience are remarkable. It especially enjoys games that involve retrieving and loves to carry items in its mouth.
One of the best documented and most fortuitous efforts to produce a breed resulted in the Golden Retriever. The man responsible for the breed was Lord Tweedmouth, who lived just north of the Scottish border along the Tweed River. With an increasing interest in retrieving dogs in the mid-1800s, a dog that could push through heavy vegetation, brave cold water, swim strongly and retrieve gently was in demand. Lord Tweedmouth bred Nous, a yellow wavy-coated retriever (a descendant of the small Newfoundland and the earlier Labrador breeds used by fisherman) to Belle, a Tweed water spaniel (a popular liver-colored retriever with tightly curled coat). They produced four puppies, which showed promise of being outstanding upland bird dogs. Subsequent judicious crosses were made with other black retrievers, Tweed spaniels, setters and even a bloodhound. The breed was first considered to be a yellow variety of flat-coated retrievers, but was recognized as a separate breed, the yellow or Golden Retriever, in 1912. A few of these dogs had come to America by way of Lord Tweedmouth's sons by 1900, but the AKC did not register them as a separate breed until 1927. The breed was valued for the hunting abilities so ably produced by the careful blending of foundation stock. It only later became popular as a pet, show dog and obedience competitor. After it made the transition, however, its rise to the height of popularity was meteoric, and it remains one of the most popular of all breeds in America.
A Golden Retriever has a double coat. The outer coat is covered with dense and water repellent hair. The inner coat is warm and wooly. This dog has feathering on its undercarriage, legs, and tail. Golden Retrievers require regular weekly brushing. As their name suggests they are a lustrous golden color, but can vary from creamy yellow to a dark red-golden hue.
UpkeepThe Golden Retriever needs daily exercise and human interaction. Challenging obedience lessons, active games or retrieving sessions are all good ways to exercise the Golden's mind and body. The Golden Retriever is not intended to live as an outside dog as they are very people-oriented and are miserable being separated from the family they love! If you are not interested in keeping your Golden indoors, this is not the dog for you. A lonely Golden may bark incessantly, dig up the back yard or continuously escape to roam the neighborhood.
Height: Male 23-24 inches Female 21.5-22.5 inches Weight: Male 65-75 Female 55-65lbs
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